真钱麻将网留学托福主页托福教导托福写作正文

托福写作之满分作文的三大中心

2016-11-23 10:54

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作者:

  ETS 8月发布了2015年托福考生成果陈述,我国托福考生平均分78分,6年来简直没啥改变,其间写作20分。讲真,这个分数比较契合言语学习规则,没有许多的输入就不会有更好的输出。从小到大,咱们英语作文没少写,可托福写作仍是简略遇到瓶颈,18—20—20—19,和国足的战绩相同安稳,归根究竟6个字:“没有把握办法”。

  满分作文的三大中心是结构、内容和言语

  首要咱们先从结构、内容和言语三个方面揭秘托福作文独立使命得满分的本相。

  以下题为例: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Life today is easier and more comfortable than it was when your grandparents were children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinions.

  一、结构

  按体裁区分,独立使命归于议论文,而观念、理由、论据、定论和证明是议论文的五个要素。具体来说,“观念”是文章的中心,“理由”是观念建立的根据,两者构成因果关系;“论据”是对理由的具体解说,多为案例;“定论”是对观念的重申,两者一脉相承、头尾照应;而整个写作进程便是一个“证明”的进程。

  要想作文得高分,这五要素就有必要八面玲珑,如此才干写出结构谨慎、条理清晰的高分作文

  先上一篇范文(下拉可见全文):

  As society progresses remarkably, tremendous changes have taken place in people’s life. Nevertheless, some senior citizens cherish the memory of good old days with healthy environment and harmonious interpersonal relationships. As far as I’m concerned, despite serious environmental pollution and prevalence of materialism, 【布景介绍,作者给出了两个年代的比照】 I still believe today’s life to be easier and more comfortable than it was when our grandparents were children. 【提出观念】 I am going to elaborate my viewpoint from three aspects as follows. 【过渡句,承上启下】

  To begin with, modern communication technology has changed our lives a lot and provides us with much convenience. 【理由 1】To be more specific, with the wide application of smartphones and the Internet, it is possible for people to contact each other even if they live separately. 【证明为什么理由 1 能够推出观念】 For example, Lily, one of my best friends, is lucky to be admitted into a famous university in America, which means we cannot always hang out together. But thanks to the modern communication technology, we still keep frequent touch with each other on Skype anytime, anywhere. Therefore we feel never apart.

  【比如 1】

  Besides, a variety of means of transportation make it quick and cozy for people to travel. 【理由 2】 Subways, taxis, private cars, high-speed railways shorten the distance between places. 【证明为什么理由 2 能够推出观念】A good example in point is that my grandparents used to live in suburbs, and anytime they want to do some shopping in urban center, it usually took them 2 hours, owing to bumpy roads and low-efficient old-fashioned vehicles. On the contrary, with great improvement of road condition and advanced traffic modes, they only have to spend 20 minutes a most traveling from home to the city. If it is very hot in summer, all modern vehicles are air-conditioned, which can make the trip very comfortable.

  【比如 2】

  Last but not least, today’s ample food supply and various food choices are something beyond imagination in the past. 【理由 3】 Decades ago, in China, all foods used to be arranged by the government. In other words, it was impossible for people to purchase what they liked to eat. 【证明为什么理由 3 能够推出观念】 For example, an average family was only allocated 1 pound of pork and 2 pounds of rice. In contrast, nowadays, we never have to worry about the lack of food because supermarkets and snack bars abound.

  【比如 3】

  To sum up, because of the progress of economy and technology, I am convinced that life at present is more comfortable and easier, which can be well demonstrated through examples of convenient communication, quick and cozy traffic modes and sufficient food supply and choices. 【总结理由,重申观念】 If our government takes efficient measures to solve the environmental problem, our world will become a better place to live.

  【提出主张,展望未来】

  议论文除了五要素,在给出观念之前多会有简略的布景介绍,不需求长,三两句话即可,为观念的提出造势。

  二、内容

  这篇范文经过通讯、交通和饮食三个方面,一起证明现在的孩子相较其祖父辈日子的更轻松、舒适,每个理由下面都有具体的案例作为细节支撑,让证明更有说服力。

  以饮食为例,作者举例说,曾经食物由政府分配,数量有约束,人们不能为所欲为买到需求的食物;而现在则大不相同,在超市里人们能够买到任何所需物品。这种新旧比照,更明显的体现出现代社会物资丰厚、人们的挑选权添加,由此可推断人们的日子变得更快捷、舒适,然后证明观念。

  三、言语

  一篇高分作文在言语上,首要要确保语法正确,用词恰当,这样才干精确达意。在此根底上能够寻求更多样、高档的表达。例如,文章最初要体现“社会发展敏捷,人们的日子发生了天翻地覆的改变”这一意义,最常见的表达为:

  Sample 1: Our society develops quickly, and people’s life has changed greatly.

  Sample 2: With the rapid development of society, enormous change has happened in people’s life.

  Sample 3: As society progresses remarkably, tremendous changes have taken place in people’s life.

  经过三个语句比照可知,其间“敏捷”的三种表达办法,quickly 最为平平,rapid 居中,remarkable 最佳。相同的,要表达“天翻地覆”的意义,tremendous 就要比 great 或许 enormous 好的多,其他替换的词还有 considerable,drastic,significant 等等。

  言语的优化需求不断的堆集和操练,多记多练,不断扩大自己的语料库,唯有如此,文章才会写的越来越美丽,可是咱们许多考生平常不练笔,不堆集语料,想单纯依靠“杂乱单词,黄金句型”就拿高分——根本没戏。

  修改引荐

  2016/2017QS国际大学排名Top500完好版

  2017年托福考试时刻表托福成果要求

  2016年北美留学请求托福成果要求

  2016年托福考试日期组织

  2016年托福考试真题解析

  真钱麻将托福写作语料库(汇总)

  托福听力经典加试标题(汇总)

  

(修改:马菲)

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